Content Blueprint

The HMDCB certification examination is an assessment of the knowledge, skills, and competence required of a hospice medical director. The HMDCB Content Blueprint (shown below) is based on the 2020 Practice (Job) Analysis Study, and provides detailed information about the five content areas to expect on a typical examination. 

The HMDCB initial examination consists of 150 multiple-choice questions. The Continuing Certification Program examination is 100 questions. The percentage of questions from each of the five competency areas appears in the content headings below. Each question will be categorized according to the level of complexity, or the cognitive level that a hospice medical director would use when performing the task. Approximately 20% require recall of information, 52% require application of knowledge, and 28% require analysis of a situation.

The five competency areas are listed below. To review the detailed outline for each area, click on a competency area or simply scroll down on this page.

1. Patient and Family Care

2. Medical Knowledge

3. Medical Leadership and Communication

4. Professionalism

5. Regulatory, Compliance & Quality Improvement 

Patient and Family Care (20%)

  1. Provide medical direction and support for:
    1. family meetings
    2. goals of care
    3. advance care planning (e.g., DNR, Medical Power of Attorney, Surrogate Decision-Maker)
    4. medical selection and deprescribing 
  2. Assess and support cultural and personal diversities (e.g., age, race, gender identity) 
  3. Assess and support emotional, spiritual, and psychosocial characteristics and needs
  4. Educate about disease trajectory (e.g., prognosis, symptom management, potential complications, and impending death)
  5. Assess and document the patient's decision-making capacity 
  6. Facilitate surrogate's role in decision making 
  7. Recognize social determinants of health and collaborate with the interdisciplinary group to assess and manage them
  8. Understand issues with family dynamics (e.g., coping styles, psychological defenses, and developmental stages)

 

Medical Knowledge (30%)

  1. Assess and differentiate types of pain including total pain
  2. Assess and manage acute and chronic pain: 
    1. opioids
    2. non-opioids
    3. non-pharmacologic measures (including complementary and alternative therapies)
  3. Assess and manage non-pain symptoms:
    1. opioids
    2. non-opioids
    3. non-pharmacologic measures (including complementary and alternative therapies)
  4. Assess and manage side effects and complications of commonly used medications (e.g., opioids, benzos, anti-psychotics, and steroids)
  5. Assess and manage diagnoses (e.g., delirium, dementia, depression, and anxiety)
  6. Demonstrate knowledge of:
    1. settings where hospice and palliative care are provided
    2. patient assessment and management across hospice care settings 
    3. substance use disorder and dependence/tolerence 
    4. brain death, persisten vegetative state, and minimal conscious state
    5. normal and complex grief
    6. pediatric life-threatening conditions 
    7. signs and symptoms of impending death
    8. alternative routes of medication delivery 
    9. palliative sedation 
    10. prognostice assessment tools (e.g., FAST, PPS, BMI, KPS, ECOG, NYHA)
    11. artificial nutrition (i.e., benefits and burden)
  7. Manage medication selection and deprescribing based on disease trajectory
  8. Assess the risk and manage substance use disorder or diversion 
  9. Idnetify indications for interventional symptom management (e.g., nerve blocks, radiation therapy)
  10. Determine prognosis (e.g., comorbid and secondary conditions, medical findings, disease progression, medications and treatment)
  11. Manage withdrawal of life-sustaining therapies  

 

Medical Leadership and Communication (14%)

  1. Facilitate empathic communication (e.g., acknowledge what another person is experiencing)
  2. Facilitate conflict resolution and 'service recovery'
  3. Facilitate effective communication between hospice staff and community providers 
  4. Provide ongoing education for hospice staff:
    1. certification and recertification 
    2. development of a plan of care
    3. symptom management
    4. clinical assessments and face-to-face encounters
    5. pharmacy and formulary management
    6. documentation of care
  5. Support staff around difficult decisions and care scenarios 
  6. Support the interdisciplinary group process 

 

Professionalism (10%)

  1. Recognize and manage fatigue and burnout
  2. Knowledge of strategies of self-care
  3. Understand and promote healthy boundaries with colleagues, patients, and families 
  4. Disclose medical errors in accordance
  5. Collaborate with physicians and other health professionals to coordinate the plan of care
  6. Promote patient privacy and confidentiality 
  7. Apply the five principles of medical ethics to:
    1. informed consent
    2. truth-telling
    3. withholding/withdrawing life-sustaining therapies
    4. medical futility 
    5. voluntary stopping of eating and drinking (VSED)
    6. request for medical aid in dying 
    7. euthanasia
    8. principle of double effect
    9. conflicts of interest 

 

Regulatory, Compliance & Quality Improvement (26%)

  1. Understand hospice services as outlined in the Conditions of Participation (CoPs):
    1. access to core services 
    2. access to allied health professionals (e.g., speech therapist, nutritionist)
    3. levels of care
    4. responsibility for medical care when the attending is not available
    5. continuous quality assessment and performance improvement (QAPI)
    6. patient safety
    7. emergency preparedness
    8. community providers (e.g., GV and GW modifiers)
    9. hospice providers (e.g., medical visits, FTF encounters, pre-hospice consult, NP billing)
  2. Comply with regulations regarding certification of terminal illness (CTI): 
    1. local coverage determinations including their limitations 
    2. determination of relatedness of comorbidities
    3. physician narratives (e.g., timing, content)
    4. face-to-face encounters
    5. documentation of noncoverage of medications and treatments 
  3. Understand the process of:
    1. audits (e.g., additional development requests (ADR), Targeted Probe and Education (TPE))
    2. redetermination, appeals, and testifying to the Administrative Law Judge
    3. technical and medical denials
    4. survey process (e.g., CMS, State Department of Health, other accrediting organizations)

 

To access a copy of the content blueprint that was used for the development of the 2014-2020 exams, click here

“HMDCB certification provides a methodology that patients can compare providers by meeting benchmark standards of quality care. I’ve encouraged not only our staff providers to become HMDCB-certified, but also our fellows, to ensure uniform quality standards in this select group of clinicians.”

Reuben Smith MD JD FAAFP HMDC
Associate Medical Director
Community Hospice and Palliative Care
Jacksonville, FL